Why is Fischer esterification important?

Fischer esterification is an important industrial method used to produce esters. It is convenient and easy to monitor. It uses H2SO4 as a catalyst, which is comparatively cheap and readily available. Also, as a dehydrating agent H2SO4 increases the yield of the reaction, and a separate dehydrating agent is not needed during the process.

why is Fischer esterification reaction

This is the general equation of Fischer esterification.

In a reversible reaction, the yield can be increased by continuous removal of the product. During Fischer esterification, treatment of carboxylic acids with alcohols in the presence of sulphuric acid results in the removal of water, a byproduct. This maximizes the yield up to 70%.

Comments (3)

[…] Esters are derivatives of carboxylic acids and are obtained in a condensation reaction. The molecules of alcohol and carboxylic acid condense together to form ester and water (a condensation byproduct). This process is known as esterification. The best esterification process is known as Fisher esterification. […]

[…] In this method, alcohols are treated with carboxylic acids in the presence of acids to form esters. Fischer esterification is generally the preferred way of […]

[…] When alcohols are treated with a carboxylic acid in the presence of mineral acids such as H2SO4 and dry HCl, esters are formed and the reaction is known as “Fischer esterification”. It is an important ester preparing reaction. […]

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